The Kraft and Cadbury merger was a hostile horizontal acquisition. The very act of Kraft seeking to purchase Cadbury categorized the merger as a horizontal. On November 19 I observed that Kraft’s proposed acquisition of the English price for the assets of the firm that an intelligent analysis might support. used in illustrating why mergers so often don’t deliver on their promise. Free Essay: On February 2, Kraft and Cadbury, two leading firms in the snack industry finalized their merger decision after five months of.

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Mergers and Acquisition: Brief Analysis of Kraft and Cadbury

Although many large-scale corporate mergers flounder, Kraft has rather benefited from its acquisition of Cadbury. This stems from the policies and competitive strategies undertaken in the wake of a large-scale acquisition, as well as lessons learned from previously large mergers within U.

While there are many potential benefits of mergers, the integration of a large-scale corporation into another large-scale corporation does not always analysus to positive results for cadburry parties. With Kraft, this was a significant concern, as the company mainly succeeded based on its conglomerate model. As a whole, the company participated in a number of subsections of the global foods market, and due to this, it was difficult to perceive the company as effective at focusing on a single market.

The diversified nature of conglomerates means that although they are largely safe from large-scale movements in the market, their multi-focus competitive model prevents effective competition in a single market and dilutes the ability of division to effectively react against market conditions. This was particularly worrying for Cadbury, as it had already faced the low growth prospects that are potential within an ill-advised merger; Cadbury had largely stalled in growth due to the merger with Schweppes, as its beverage division was facing near-zero growth compared to its confectionary business.

This served largely as a dead weight, as Schweppes absorbed much of the profitability that was associated with the confectionary market from the company. Cadbury managed to gain significant value and organizational growth after the company was spun off, as this allowed a single focus for management and in terms of market competition. The split-up of Kraft into its global snacks company and Mondelez International alleviated these concerns, as it allowed the organization to focus on its primary competencies without using a single division as a profit center in order to off-set losses elsewhere in the company.

This was necessary, as it allowed the organization to effectively utilize the value and resources brought to the company through the acquisition of Cadbury, as otherwise there was concern that it would lead to low-growth for both organizations. As a whole, Kraft has displayed significant stock growth in the wake of its acquisition of Cadbury and subsequent split into two separate organizations.

Since Kraft Foods began trading after the split, it has displayed positive stock growth along with the stock market in general. In particular, developing market growth has become a key component of the organization growth strategy, as these markets have begun to generate significant sales for the company.

High growth was visible within the Kraft stock in the immediate post-merger, as although the financial costs of the merger would add up, investors continued to see significant potential in the growth of the business due to the complementary nature of the merger.

Kraft-Cadbury Merger Analysis: A Proofread Essay Example

As such, the merger was perceived as largely positive by Kraft shareholders, as the short-term hit that was taken by the stock was significantly augmented by the long-term increase in value that was witnessed in the aftermath. Literary essay Online help Improve your writing Creating a word essay Sample of an essay introduction Checking your essay for mistakes Winning essay conclusion 5-paragraph essay introduction Essay on diabetes Creating a perfect expository essay How to buy a paper for cheap Selecting a proper writing service Getting help in writing a peper Self-profile paper samples Definition essay writing basics A good essay about cooking: The Art of Education Ethics in beauty salons Sample about human cloning Sample about welfare recipients Essay example about slavery Sample essay about racism A slavery memorial: Kraft-Cadbury Merger Analysis Strategic Focus Although many large-scale corporate mergers flounder, Kraft has rather benefited from its acquisition of Cadbury.

Stock Performance As a whole, Kraft has displayed significant stock growth in the wake of its acquisition of Cadbury and subsequent split into two separate organizations.

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PDF Editor to program umożliwiający edycję plików w popularnym formacie Jeśli zamierzasz tworzyć lub edytować pliki tekstowe w formacie PDF a nie stać. For more information about how to change the settings in the Office program, click the following article number to view the article in the. Mam pytanie jak odpalić plik/program, który ma ? Jak klikam Zależy na jakim systemie operacyjnym. W Windowsie uruchamiasz pliki *.py poprzez ‘2x klik’ na pliku, a w w Linuksie wpisując w Konsoli: Kod.

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This article is a consolidation of the following previously available article: You can edit a single registry entry to clear the most recently jkim files list that appears in most Microsoft Office programs.

Many Office programs maintain a list of the most recently used MRU files.

Additionally, the programs display this list on the File menu and in several other locations. These locations include the Open dialog box, the Save As dialog box, and the Insert Hyperlink dialog box.

The purpose of this feature is to provide quick access to files that a user is working on. In the interest of enhanced privacy, many users and administrators prefer not to have these files listed. Although you can prevent this list from being shown on the File menu in the programs, there is no built-in method for removing the list or for preventing its display in other locations.

You can, however, edit the Microsoft Windows registry to clear the list of the most recently used files.

Note This article describes how to delete the files that prkgramem listed when you click Fileclick Open or Save Asand then look under the File name box.

After following the steps listed in this article, no files will be listed under the File name box. This article does not discuss how to delete the files edtyowac are listed on the File menu.

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For more information about how to change the settings in the Office program, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base: Bosna i Hercegovina – Hrvatski. Crna Piki – Srpski.

Indonesia Bahasa – Bahasa. New Zealand – English.

South Africa – English. United Kingdom – English. United States – English.


Fibonacci. Heaps. Lazy. Binomial. Heaps. Binomial. Heaps. Binary. Heaps. O(1). O(1). O(logn). O(logn). Insert. O(1). O(1). O(1). O(1). Find-min. O(logn). O(logn). In computer science, a binomial heap is a heap similar to a binary heap but also supports quick merging of two heaps. This is achieved by using a special tree. Lazy Binomial Heaps (Today). ○ A powerful building block for designing advanced data structures. ○ Fibonacci Heaps (Wednesday). ○ A heavyweight and.

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Share buttons are a little bit lower. Published by Hilary Alexander Modified 4 months ago. Remove the minimum root and meld? Amortized Analysis Let Ti be the number of trees after the ith operation Let r be the rank of the tree containing the min.

A link decreases the potential by 1. This can pay for handling all the trees involved in the link. O log n Decrease-Key, Delete: Define the rank of Bk to be k. Items at the nodes, heap ordered. Doubly link roots and children of every nodes.

Parent pointers needed for delete. Produce a Bk from two Bk-1, keep heap order. Basic operation is meld h1,h2: Like addition of binary numbers. B5 B4 B2 B1 h1: Chop off the minimal root. Meld the subtrees with h. Update minimum pointer if needed. Bubble up, update min ptr if needed All operations take O log n time on the worst case, except find-min h that takes O 1 time.

On the worst case increment takes O k. Define a potential of the counter: Concatenate the lists of binomial trees.

Update the minimum pointer to be the smaller of the minimums O 1 worst case binojial amortized. Chop off the minimum root, add its children to the list of trees.

Heaps Binomial Heaps Lazy Binomial Heaps 1.

Traverse the forest keep linking trees of the same rank, maintain a pointer to the minimum root. Once we encounter a second tree of some rank we link them and keep linking until we do not have two trees of the same rank. Meld h1,h2Insert x,h — as before Delete x,h: Modify the potential a little: What is the amortized cost of find-min?

How many new trees are created by the purging step? One of them has degree at least ki Therefore in its subtree there are at least 2 ki-1 nodes.

Repeat binmoial following step until there is only one tree in the forest: Add the resulting tree to the end of the queue.

Lazy Binomial Queues

Denote it also by T Edges with one endpoint in T are stored in yeaps heap data structure. Denoted by h T. We use binomial queues with lazy meld and deletion. Find e by doing find-min on h T. The meld implicitly delete edges.

We never explicitly delete edges!

Lazy binomial heap

We can determine whether an edge is deleted or not by two find operations. Then we can determine whether a node is marked deleted in O 1 time, and our analysis is still valid. So, we have at most 2m ninomial delete operations that cost O m. The complexity of these find-min operations dominates the complexity of the algorithm.

Let pi be the number of deleted edges purged from the heap at the find-min performed by the i-th iteration. We want to bound the sum of these expressions. Pass 1 is when we remove the original singleton trees from the queue.

Pass i is when we remove trees added to the queue at pass i What is the size of a tree removed from the queue at pass j? Prove by induction So how many passes are there? At most log n. My presentations Profile Feedback Log out.

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It is now widely accepted that The Ethics of Deconstruction was the first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida’s work. Critchley shows as powerfully as. The Ethics of Deconstruction, Simon Critchley’s first book, was originally published to great acclaim in The first book to argue for the. An expanded edition of the first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida’s workNew for The Ethics of Deconstruction: Derrida and Levinas. Simon Critchley.

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Published by Edinburgh University Press.

The first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida’s work, this new edition contains three new appendixes and a new preface where Critchley reflects upon the origins, motivation and reception of The Ethics of Deconstruction.

The Ethics of DeconstructionSthics Critchley’s first book, was originally published to great acclaim in The first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida’s work, it powerfully shows how deconstruction has persuasive ethical consequences that are vital to our thinking through of questions of politics and democracy.

Moving away from using deconstruction to find the contradictions inherent in any text, Critchley concerns himself with the ethids context the ethical impetus Derrida’s ethics to be understood in relation to his engagement with the work of Levinas, and lays out the details dsconstruction their philosophical confrontation.

The Ethics of Deconstruction: Derrida and Levinas – Simon Critchley – Google Books

New for this edition: A new preface where Critchley reveals the origins, motivations, and reception of The Ethics of Deconstructionplus three new appendices, which reflect upon and deppend the book’s argument. The Ethics of Deconstruction: The Problem of Closure in Derrida 3. Levinas’s Reading of Derrida 5.

A Question of Politics: The Future of Deconstruction Appendix 1: An Attempt at Self-Criticism Appendix 2: Habermas and Derrida Get Married Appendix 3: Critculey Levinas Appendix 4: The Reader Appendix 5: Leaving the Climate of Heidegger’s Thinking Appendix 6: His many books include Very Little Documents from the Archive of the International Necronautical Society.

A new work on Hamlet called Stay, Illusion!

Ethics of Deconstruction

Simon is the series moderator of ‘The Stone’, a philosophy column in The New York Timesto which he is a frequent contributor. The book was timely when it first appeared and has not lost any of its initial relevance today.

In fact with the additional material added to this edition it is now all the more valuable. This book was pathbreaking, for it started a whole line of reflection on the possible ethical implications of Derrida’s work, that Derrida himself encouraged in his later writings.

Critchley’s book remains as deconstructiln for the interpretation of deconstruction as it was in its original version and I arnestly encourage a careful reading of its main theses. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Academic Skip to main content. Choose your deonstruction or region Close.

The Ethics of Deconstruction Derrida and Levinas Third Edition Simon Critchley Published by Edinburgh University Press The first book to argue for the ethical turn in Derrida’s work, this new edition contains three new appendixes and a new preface where Critchley reflects upon the origins, motivation and reception of The Ethics of Deconstruction.

New criitchley this Edition: Three new appendices, which reflect upon and deepen the book’s arguments: Derrida, The Reader; Appendix 5: Leaving the Climate of Heidegger’s Thinking; Appendix 6: The Problem with Levinas Simon Critchley.

The Logical Must Penelope Maddy. Our Faithfulness to the Past Sue Campbell. Experience and History David Carr. Reasoning Anthony Simon Laden. Reasons and Persons Derek Parfit.


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Este clasico de la literature contable esta dedicado a la aplicacion, a cuestiones especificas, contabolidad los conceptos generales estudiados en “Cuestiones Contables Fundementales” y de los aspectos de registro contable y preparacion de informes tratados en “Contabilidad Basica”.

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Ahmed Mourad is an Egyptian author and screenwriter of fiction and non-fiction. Contents Another two significant works worth mention are the novel,, published in and The Land of God (Arabic: أرض الإله), published in Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. , Ahmed Mourad Source: Goodreads. His fourth novel, , The novel’s events take place in ; the Egyptian Revolution.

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Popular Ahmed Mourad Books

The novel was translated into 3 languages by different publishing houses, in Then the novel was made into a TV show during the month of Ramadan of titled: The novel won the Mediterranean award in from Italy.

Mourad published his second novelDiamond Dust Arabic: The story begins with the protagonist Taha who is living a normal boring life, and works as a medical representative at a pharmaceuticals company.

Until a mysterious murder occurs that changed his entire life. Mourad’s breakthrough novel, The Blue Elephant Arabic: A year later, it was shortlisted for the Arabic Booker award in A story about a psychiatrist named Yehia who returns to his job in El-Abbaseya hospital after five years of mohrad to find that his college mate Sherif just arrived for mental and psychological evaluation for being accused of murdering his own wife.

Trying to help him, Yehia unravels mysteries he never thought existed in this world. Later, it was made into a theatrical movie, The Blue Elephant Arabic: Another two significant works worth mention are the novel , published in and The Land of God Arabic: Mourad is the screenwriter of The Originals Arabic: Mourad was initially going to write it as a novel before he decided to make it as a theatrical film.

HoweverThe film was published on June 25, across Egypt to a mixed critical reception from audiences and critics alike. The story of Samir, a family man who loses his job at the bank, later learns about the dark side of Egyptian life when he is recruited to be a part of a secret society. His graduation projects achieved many awards in European film festivals.

Popular Ahmed Mourad Books

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The six dimensions of national culture defined by Geert Hofstede described, Each dimension has been derived by comparing many, but not all, countries in. ARTICLES. Hofstede’s cultural Dimensions and tourist behaviors: A review and conceptual Framework*. Las dimensiones culturales y la conducta turística. Transcript of DIMENSIONES CULTURALES DE HOFSTEDE. AUTOLARTE “Las organizaciones están divididas en pequeños grupos de.

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Manrai 1 ; Ajay K. Geert Hofstede whose work inspired this research. We would also like to acknowledge the valuable comments of the two anonymous reviewers and the journal editor in finalizing this manuscript. SID relates to the evaluation of travel experiences in the after-travel stage. These three values act either independently or cultudales pairs or all three together. RTD relates to the consumption of travel products in the during-travel stage, and COD relates to the formation of travel preferences in the before-travel stage.

However, the underlying processes differ for these two categories of travel behaviors. In addition to their independent influences on travel behaviors, these two values associated with RTD and COD also have an interactive effect. Dimensiones culturales de Hofstede, conductas del turista, conductas del viajero, Dinamismo Confuciano. The influence of cultures on consumer behavior is evident in all areas of services, especially in the fields of travel and hofsted.

Travel and tourism, however, is an extremely complex cimensiones for several reasons. First, it relates to goods and tangible products souvenirs, gifts, food etc. Second, the tourism product consists of a multitude of these goods and services put together and, in turn, there exists a multitude of options to choose from within each of the tangible goods and intangible service categories. Third, tourist decision making and behavior are influenced by several factors. Kotler and Keller present a model in which consumer behavior is portrayed to result hofsgede the cultural, social and personal characteristics of consumers cultyrales well as the consumer psychology.

Models of cross-cultural consumer behavior developed by Manrai and Manraiconceptualize these four influences i. In their models, each of the four factors is depicted to have a direct as well as an indirect through subsequent factors in the hierarchy influence on consumer behavior. While culture has dumensiones defined and classified in countless ways, researchers agree that cultural influences transcend in terms of the beliefs, norms, traditions, and values of a society Herkowitz, ; Hofstede,; Kluckhohn, ; Triandis, The hosftede cultural value dimensions identified by Hofstede, hofstde, individualism versus collectivism, power distance, masculinity versus femininity, uncertainty avoidance, and Confucian dynamism long versus short term orientation have been widely acknowledged as the most significant approach to the study of cross-cultural differences in human behavior.

Although originally identified in the context of a business setting, such as employee values, these five dimensions have been studied and proven relevant in a variety of other domains including consumer behavior and marketing, as well as travel and tourism research.

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory

The objective of the research reported in this paper is to develop a conceptual framework analyzing the dominant cultural values and the processes underlying the influence of these values cultirales various domains of tourist behaviors in the pre-travel, during-travel, and after-travel stages.

Based on this analysis, three categories of tourist behaviors are identified. This paper is divided into seven sections.

The next section summarizes the work of Hofstede and his colleagues related to the development of five cultural dimensions. The third section of the paper identifies a comprehensive dimensioned of tourist behavior domains in the three stages pre, during, and post. Section four of the paper provides a literature review of the travel and tourism research applying the five cultural dimensions to hfostede study of various domains of tourist behavior. In the fifth section of the paper, we analyze the patterns in the application of the five cultural dimensions to various tourist behavior domains and classify different tourist behaviors into three categories mentioned above that are Se, RTD, and COD.

The sixth section of the paper discusses the managerial implications of our conceptual framework and the final section identifies directions for future research. Geert Hofstede is the most well-known name in the field of cross-cultural psychology and business. He started in with 40 countries and in published his landmark study of work-related values of employees in 50 countries and culturrales world regions Hofstede The database for this unprecedented research study comprised of questionnaires completed byemployees of IBM, a large multinational corporation.

The 6 dimensions model of national culture by Geert Hofstede

The validity of these four dimensions was tested using a variety of constructs and theories in social sciences. Hofstede labeled these four dimensions as “Power Distance,” “Uncertainty Avoidance,” “Individualism versus Collectivism” and “Masculinity versus Femininity” respectively.

He defined these four dimensions as follows: The extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organizations accept that power is distributed unequally. The extent to which people feel threatened by ambiguous situations, and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid in such situations. A situation in which people are supposed to look after themselves and their immediate family only Individualism. A situation in which people belong to in-group or collectivities, which are supposed to look after them, in exchange for loyalty Collectivism.

A situation in which the dominant values of society are success, money, and things Masculinity.

A situation in which the dominant values of a society are caring for others and quality of life Femininity. Hofstede and Bond discuss the basic anthropological and societal issues to which the above four dimensions relate. These authors cu,turales that the power distance dimension is hofetede to social inequality and the amount of authority of one person over others.

The uncertainty avoidance dimension is considered related to the way a society deals with conflicts and aggressions and as the last resort with life and death.

Hofstede subsequently added a fifth cultural dimension, which he called “Confucian Dynamism” referred in the literature also as “Long Term versus Short Term Orientation”. This fifth dimension was added because none of the original four cultural dimensions was related to national economic growth as demonstrated in hofsteee of several East Asian countries.

A second cross-cultural value measurement project called “Chinese Values Survey CVS ” was undertaken to identify values more typical to Asian cultures.

CVS comprised of a item questionnaire Bond and the Chinese Cultural Connection on typical Chinese values and was administered in 22 countries, 20 of which overlapped with IBM study. The results of each of the two surveys exhibited four cultural dimensions but only three of them were similar: Thus, this dimension was labeled as “Confucian Dynamism.

Therefore, this fifth dimension is also referred in the literature as hofsteede versus short term orientation.

The contrast of Eastern versus Western cultural values hofstwde very powerfully summed up by Hofstede and Bondwhere Confucius was a teacher of practical ethics, without any religious content. He dealt with Virtue but left the question of Truth open. As discussed earlier in this paper, tourism is a complex global phenomenon involving a multitude of decisions related to the purchase and consumption of a variety of goods as well as services.

The above five stages of consumer decision making and related consumer behaviors are regrouped into three categories: The “Before” category includes the first three stages of decision making listed above, which lead to the formation of preferences and behavioral intentions.

The “During” dimensione includes stage 4 and deals with product purchase and consumption related behaviors. The “After” category includes stage 5 and includes behaviors related to evaluations of the purchase and consumption experiences by the consumers.

Parallel to this, the tourist behaviors are classified into three overall domains: Next, we identify several specific tourist behavior domains under each of these three overall groups. All these tourist behavior domains are listed in Table 1.

There are various reasons for this dilemma. On the “No” side there may be personal, social, or financial constraints; there may be concerns hogstede to the travel risk and safety, and, the individual may have travel anxiety etc. On the “yes” side, there is ample evidence documenting the benefits of travel and tourism.

It fulfills a variety of personal, social, and recreational needs providing motives and incentives for travel. These needs may be triggered by a particular occasion, event or a life cycle stage. Overall, the prospective tourist has to carefully weight the advantages and disadvantages of undertaking the travel and tourism activity and take that very important first decision.

The Yes-No factors taken into account as discussed above are labeled as follows: The assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of travel culhurales tourism requires information search and acquisition. The process of information search and acquisition continues in case the individual has decided to undertake travel.

There exits a multitude of sources from which the information can be acquired such as travel agents, internet, relatives and friends etc. The individuals also vary in terms of their need for planning and prior arrangements. While the information search and acquisition processes continue through the During-Travel stage, a substantial proportion of information search and acquisition activity takes place prior to travel.

The above travel behaviors are labeled as follows: Next, the individuals aggregate the collected information and evaluate their alternatives to form preferences. The evaluation process takes into account four main variables: Considering the complexity of the aggregating the information on the above three vari-tourism product, many tourists are either not able to or ables to arrive at overall preferences.

The key decision not willing to make their own arrangements and resort areas in this stage of preference formation relate to the to taking package tours instead of making their own independent arrangements. On the other hand, many tourists are willing to deal with making their own ar rangements for the sake of benefits they see and the capabilities they have to make these arrangements. Therefore, the research area of determinants of travel mode preference package versus independent travel is in itself an important area of tourist behavior research.

In fact many tourists rely on their tour operators and travel agents for suggestions on destinations for consideration. We identify six more travel behaviors in the “Before-Travel” stage: While the last set of travel behavior domains identified in the “Before-Travel” stage deals with the formation of preferences and behavioral intentions BT9 to BT14the travel behaviors discussed in this section deal with choices and behaviors related to purchase and consumption of travel products.

The first set of During-Travel behaviors identified corresponding to these preferences BT9 to BT14 describes the following choices: Each of the above decision areas includes a variety of sub-decisions on which differences amongst tourists from different cultures can be expected.

These differences capture the norms of various societies, individual differences or personal characteristics as well as the psychological processes underlying travel and tourism behavior. Also, these differences affect the characteristics of trips taken by tourists from different cultural backgrounds. In the current research, following trip characteristics are included for study: This category of travel behaviors relates to the evaluations of different components of the tourism experience subsequent to the purchase and consumption of the tourism product.

However, two attributes that are salient to the overall evaluations are quality and price. We, therefore, include these two variables separately in addition to the overall evaluations. Tourist evaluations are followed by a variety of post-purchase and consumption processes. The satisfaction is based on expectations, which tourists typically have in the “Before-Travel” stage, and perceived performance or evaluations, which result after the travel experiences in the “During-Travel” stage.

When the perceived performance exceeds the expectations, it leads to satisfaction; on the other hand, when the perceived performance falls below the expectations, it leads to dissatisfaction. Typically, the satisfaction is positively related with the repeat visit or repeat purchase intention. Thus, for each of the six basic components of tourism experience travel mode, destination, transportation, accommodation, food, and activities at destination five measures of tourist behavior in the “After-Travel” stage are considered: This results in 30 tourist behavior domains in the “After-Travel” stage 6 variables X 5 behavioral measures for each.

These 30 travel behavior domains are identified in the after-travel stage are labeled AT1 to AT30 on Table 1. This section of the paper summarizes the findings of the research studies identifying the specific cultural dimensions used for explaining specific tourist behaviors. The literature review provided in this section is by and large organized as per the list of tourist behaviors identified in previous section and summarized in Table 1.


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Find out how to qualify for this book in the Two Plus Two poker bonus program. Tournament poker is different from standard ring game poker. While they might appear the same from a distance, there are many differences in plsyers strategy that are often unknown to many experienced cash game players.

Tournament Poker for Advanced Players by David Sklansky

Some people excel at tournament poker. This is not luck.

These are players who have an advanced understanding of what the proper strategy adjustments are, and when they come into play. It is no coincidence that the same competitors make it to the final tables far more than their fair share.

This book explains tournament strategies that only a small number of players have mastered. Some of the ideas discussed include: Because he plays so terribly, you can almost guarantee yourself a win by grinding him playefs, and taking no chances.

Buy for others

You might be able to steal lots of playesr, get him to call you on the end when he has no chance, and do other things to almost ensure a win. Because of that, you choose to stay away from big pots where you are only a small favorite.

By playing this way, you estimate that you have a 90 percent chance of winning the freezeout. What if you chose to gamble it up with him, pushing small edges and generally playing bigger pots?

Suppose you estimated that this strategy reduced your chances of winning the freezeout to 75 percent? But suppose that playing this way meant the typical freezeout only took two hours, as opposed to five? There is no definitive answer. It depends on a few different things, the most important of which is, what are those saved hours worth to you? If you would have spent them idly, you probably would prefer to make sklanskyy money at a lower hourly toirnament.

On the other hand, if you had an opportunity to make money during those three hours, the situation is different.

Another time where you would opt to play the shorter, though less profitable freezeout, would be when you knew that you could play more than one freezeout with this guy. You also would be more likely to keep him coming back, since he would quit sooner if you were winning 90 percent of the matches. There is, however, ppker other possible reason to play the more conservative style. Namely, your bank roll. Kslansky you only have a few thousand dollars to your name, winning the freezeout is too important to take chances, and this is the situation for most people who play tournaments.

Tournament Poker for Advanced Players by David Sklansky (, Paperback) | eBay

Unless there is a juicy sidegame, or perhaps a juicy satellite tournament that you know you could get into if you go broke in the tournament, there is little reason to be concerned about your hourly rate when playing tournaments.

The strategies recommended in this book assume that you would too. And it is yet another reason why avoiding slightly positive EV situations that can get you broke is the right thing to do. This material appears with the express permission of the author and Two Plus Two Publishing.


A combination of giant airport, planned city and business hub, the aerotropolis will be at the heart of the next phase of globalization. Drawing on. John D. Kasarda defined the term “aerotropolis,” and he is now sought after shocking immediacy when I was reading the dazzling new book Aerotropolis. ‘Throw out your old atlas. The new version is here’ Walter Kirn, author of Up in the Air ‘An essential guide to the 21st century’ Tom Vanderbilt, author of.

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T he old city is no more. The future belongs to places such as New Songdo in South Korea, a wholly new city being built on an artificial island and linked by road bridge to Incheon international airport. And to cities of the aerortopolis size, as yet unborn, that China needs.

These, says Greg Lindsay, showing a suitably 21st-century indifference to the ancient Greek plural of “polis”, are “aerotropoli”. An aerotropolis is a city with an airport at its centre, rather than its periphery, “a new kind of city, one native to our era of instant gratification — call it the instant age”.

It is “a bbook phenomenon… reshaping the way we live and transforming the way we do business”. Cities such as London, forever dithering over a third runway at Heathrow, and Los Angeles, where nimbies keep blocking the expansion of LAX, and New Aerotroppolis, with sclerotic links from the city to its airports, are in trouble.

Lindsay is a journalist fascinated by air travel.

Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll Live Next

His co-author is John Kasarda, a business school professor with presumably lucrative consultancies telling countries, cities and businesses how to prepare for this new age. Lindsay wrote and did much of the exploration for Aerotropolis ; Kasarda supplied much of the wisdom. The book tells how the world is rearranged by the logic of time, distance and cost. Infor example, the Japanese Airlines executive Akira Okazaki used the spare capacity on cargo flights to fly whole chilled tuna around, leading to the world-wide consumption of sushi, with the result that bluefin tuna is now endangered in the Gulf of Mexico and the Mediterranean.

When political protests closed Bangkok’s Suvarnabhumi airport, hotels ran out of imported milk and fish, but filled with orchids that could no longer be flown out. The authors address obvious counter-arguments.

Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll Live Next – John D. Kasarda, Greg Lindsay – Google Books

They do not accept that electronic communication will reduce demand for flying, instead pointing out that increased communication and increased travel have always gone together. If people make friends through Facebook, they may want to fly to meet up. Amazon stirs up a whirl of airborne goods, and aerotrropolis deals arranged by email need eye-contact and handshakes to be consummated.

As for ecological objections, they argue that air transport causes a relatively small proportion of emissions. Roses imported to Britain from Holland, for example, are far more carbon-hungry than those from Kenya, because the hothouses and fertiliser needed to grow them outweigh the savings on fuel costs.

Aerotropolis also describes the kinds of space formed by flight, the concourses and hubs that Douglas Coupland called “an in-between place, a ‘nowhere’, a technicality… an anti-experience… like what happens to you just after you die and before you get shipped off to wherever you’re going… pure neutrality made concrete”.

The patron saint of such places is George Clooney, as the flying, heartless, corporate assassin in Up in the Air. Walter Kim, author of the book on which the film was based, has contributed a plug for the front cover of Aerotropolis. I have to say, I have heard much of this before: Despite all this historic futurology, there seem to be quite a lot of boring old cities around still doing reasonably well.

The really interesting question is why the true aerotropolis, despite compelling reasons for its existence, is taking so long to get off the ground. The examples cited in the book are not completely convincing, and form an unintentional anti-prospectus for Kasarda’s consultancy business.

There is the city that was to be built next to Bangkok’s airport, with advice from Kasarda, but didn’t happen. Reunion, a development close to Denver international airport, “a community specifically created for the pursuit of happiness”, ended up with one of the highest foreclosure rates in the region.

Wilmington, Ohio, lavishly wooed DHL with public money, only to be dumped when the company’s profits went the wrong way. Memphis, despite the blessing of Fedex, “still has a long way to go”. There is the growth around Washington’s Dulles airport, which owes as much to vast contracts from the Pentagon as to the airport. It is hard, yet, to find a true aerotropolis, a thriving, rich city formed around an airport, outside the promotional spiels that promise New Songdo will be “A cool city!

Human factors, such as the fear of planes falling on your head, or attachment to a place, or political manoeuvring, or the persistence of non-aeronautic networks, counteract that other human factor, the desire for eye-contact, which seems to drive the immense machinery of air travel. The less spectacular truth is that cities have always relied on transport, but not on transport alone. Airports are a powerful force among others, and it is the interaction of these forces that makes cities interesting.

Aerotropolis is straining too hard to be a smartypants bestseller of the the type produced by Malcolm Gladwell to explore this complexity. It is hectoring, breathless, over-persuading, a boring book with an interesting one struggling to get out.

And it undermines itself in the authors’ biographical note: Lindsay lives not in Memphis or any other aerotropolis, but in Brooklyn, in the dinosaur city of New York — not, presumably, because of its airports. Topics Art and design books The Observer. Society books Architecture reviews.

Aerotropolis: The Way We’ll Live Next by Greg Lindsay and John Kasarda – review

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Results 1 – 30 of I Flew For The Fuhrer by Knoke, Heinz and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles available now at I flew for the Fuhrer by Heinz Knoke, , available at Book Depository with free delivery worldwide. This is a memoir by a German fighter ace, illustrated with his personal photographs. Unfortunately, publisher restrictions limit this title’s availability to school and.

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He is credited with 33 confirmed aerial victories, all claimed over the Western theatre of operations, and claimed a further 19 unconfirmed kills in over 2, flights. He was born the son of a policeman on 24 March in Hamelin. On 6 Julywhilst watching an air display, Knoke made his first flight, a fifteen-minute joy ride in an old transport aircraft and took the preliminary examination for entry into the Luftwaffe.

On 15 NovemberKnoke underwent flight training at No. In early Knoke received his first combat posting, joining Jagdgeschwader 52 JG In FebruaryKnoke participated with 3. On 14 February Knoke koke detached to Jagdgruppe “Losigkeit” Fritz Losigkeitwhere he was charged with the air protection of knok ships over the Norway coast.

He returned to JG 1 in March. Knoke destroyed his first ‘heavy’ on his th operation: Maisiea B Liberator of the 44th Bombardment Groupwhich he shot down over Zwischenahn on 26 February – two of the crew survived.

The problem of attacking heavily armed bombers effectively occupied the minds of the Luftwaffe in early Oberleutnant Heinz Knoke and his friend, Leutnant Dieter Gerhardt killed in action against Bs on 18 Marchdeveloped the idea of aerial bombing as a means to break up the tight combat boxesthereby compromising the defensively strong USAAF bomber formations.

The Luftwaffe soon curtailed this practice, however as the carriage of bombs severely affected high altitude performance of the Messerschmitt Bf G and also made these aircraft vulnerable to any escorting fighters. In April I.

I flew for the Fuhrer : Heinz Knoke :

Another B of the 95th Bomb Group was downed on 11 June. Later that month, on the 25thKnoke was wounded in the hand by return fire from a bomber, resulting in the amputation of part of his thumb. On 17 August while intercepting the raid on Regensburg he was again wounded, this time by shrapnel fragments and his aircraft damaged by bomber return fire.

Knoke belly landed near Bonnhis Bf G-6 was written off. On 27 September Knoke ehinz down a B, Elusive Elcyof the 94th Bomb group using Werfer-Granate 21 unguided rockets launched from modified mortar tubes. Dugas, who was killed. Knoke was then shot down by other Ps and konke to bail out. Knoke was brought kjoke again on 4 October that same year.

After shooting down a B of the nd Bombardment Group in a frontal attack, he was hit by the dorsal gunner’s fire and Knoke bailed out of his damaged fighter into the bitterly cold North Sea.

Covered by aircraft of his unit, Knoke managed to climb into an inflatable raft dropped by a Focke-Wulf Weihe. He was rescued two hours later by a lifeboat.

I flew for the Fuhrer

Knoke was fuhhrer shot down on 4 January On 4 March Knoke was leading II. From 15 to 20 AprilKnoke was attached to the Experimental Station at Lechfeld in Bavaria, where he flew the Messerschmitt Me A jet fighter for the first time.

Fleq was promoted to the rank of Hauptmann Captainon 28 Aprilfor “bravery in the face of the enemy”, and made Gruppenkommandeur of II. At 23 years of age Knoke was, at the time, the youngest Gruppenkommandeur in the Luftwaffe.

Knoke was shot down on 29 April in action against the P of Captain James Cannon of the th Fighter Group and was hospitalised until August with severe concussion. Before he bailed out, Knoke managed in turn to shoot down the overshooting ‘Jug’ piloted by Capt.

Cannon, who was taken prisoner. Knoke claimed to have had some friendly interactions with Cannon before both being picked up by German forces. Upon returning to base, Knoke develops a heavy fever and what later turns out to be a dangerous brain hemorrhage.

Following this he has a complete nervous breakdown, foe him until the middle of August. Giamalva, who was killed and another the next day. Wood, who was killedwas shot down on the 17th, followed by an tje B Marauder later the same heimz.

Two Ps were claimed on 18 August. On 25 August another P of the th Fighter Group was claimed, but Knoke was shot down during the engagement. Bailing out behind the fluidly moving front line, Knoke was almost captured by French Maquis forces.

I Flew for the Führer

Shooting his way clear, Knoke managed to regain the German lines and returned safely knokw his knke. By the end of August III. Given orders to then transfer III. In Marchwhile still on crutches, Knoke became the officer commanding at Jever air base. He also oversaw the work on defensive fortifications around Wilhelmshaven.

Although the Supreme Court of the Federal Republic of Germany declared this party illegal inKnoke remained in politics as a member of the parish council fjhrer the Gemeinde Schortens Gemeindeparlament from April Boesendahl in an English version was initially published in The book became an aviation classic, as one of the first quality narratives to appear in the West as told by one of the Luftwaffe aces.

His memoires clearly show an initial enthusiasm for the war, but become more grim and demoralized beginning in In his last diary entries Knoke shows willingness to enter into an armistice with the Western Allies to continue the war, together, against fuhger USSR.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. I Flew for the Fuhrer. Retrieved December 25, Fellgiebel, Walther-Peer [].

The Writing 69th: Heinz Knoke’s Account (Luftwaffe Pilot)

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